class Net::SSH::Config

The Net::SSH::Config class is used to parse OpenSSH configuration files, and translates that syntax into the configuration syntax that Net::SSH understands. This lets Net::SSH scripts read their configuration (to some extent) from OpenSSH configuration files (~/.ssh/config, /etc/ssh_config, and so forth).

Only a subset of OpenSSH configuration options are understood:

Note that you will never need to use this class directly–you can control whether the OpenSSH configuration files are read by passing the :config option to Net::SSH.start. (They are, by default.)

Public Class Methods

default_auth_methods() click to toggle source
# File lib/net/ssh/config.rb, line 55
def default_auth_methods
  @@default_auth_methods
end
default_files() click to toggle source

Returns an array of locations of OpenSSH configuration files to parse by default.

# File lib/net/ssh/config.rb, line 51
def default_files
  @@default_files
end
expandable_default_files() click to toggle source

Filters ::default_files down to the files that are expandable.

# File lib/net/ssh/config.rb, line 167
def expandable_default_files
  default_files.keep_if do |path|
    begin
      File.expand_path(path)
      true
    rescue ArgumentError
      false
    end
  end
end
for(host, files=expandable_default_files) click to toggle source

Loads the configuration data for the given host from all of the given files (defaulting to the list of files returned by default_files), translates the resulting hash into the options recognized by Net::SSH, and returns them.

# File lib/net/ssh/config.rb, line 63
def for(host, files=expandable_default_files)
  translate(files.inject({}) { |settings, file|
    load(file, host, settings)
  })
end
load(path, host, settings={}) click to toggle source

Load the OpenSSH configuration settings in the given file for the given host. If settings is given, the options are merged into that hash, with existing values taking precedence over newly parsed ones. Returns a hash containing the OpenSSH options. (See translate for how to convert the OpenSSH options into Net::SSH options.)

# File lib/net/ssh/config.rb, line 75
def load(path, host, settings={})
  file = File.expand_path(path)
  base_dir = File.dirname(file)
  return settings unless File.readable?(file)

  globals = {}
  host_matched = false
  seen_host = false
  IO.foreach(file) do |line|
    next if line =~ /^\s*(?:#.*)?$/

    if line =~ /^\s*(\S+)\s*=(.*)$/
      key, value = $1, $2
    else
      key, value = line.strip.split(/\s+/, 2)
    end

    # silently ignore malformed entries
    next if value.nil?

    key.downcase!
    value = $1 if value =~ /^"(.*)"$/

    value = case value.strip
      when /^\d+$/ then value.to_i
      when /^no$/i then false
      when /^yes$/i then true
      else value
      end

    if key == 'host'
      # Support "Host host1 host2 hostN".
      # See http://github.com/net-ssh/net-ssh/issues#issue/6
      negative_hosts, positive_hosts = value.to_s.split(/\s+/).partition { |h| h.start_with?('!') }

      # Check for negative patterns first. If the host matches, that overrules any other positive match.
      # The host substring code is used to strip out the starting "!" so the regexp will be correct.
      negative_matched = negative_hosts.any? { |h| host =~ pattern2regex(h[1..-1]) }

      if negative_matched
        host_matched = false
      else
        host_matched = positive_hosts.any? { |h| host =~ pattern2regex(h) }
      end

      seen_host = true
      settings[key] = host
    elsif !seen_host
      case key
      when 'identityfile'
        (globals[key] ||= []) << value
      when 'include'
        included_file_paths(base_dir, value).each do |file_path|
          globals = load(file_path, host, globals)
        end
      else
        globals[key] = value unless settings.key?(key)
      end
    elsif host_matched
      case key
      when 'identityfile'
        (settings[key] ||= []) << value
      when 'include'
        included_file_paths(base_dir, value).each do |file_path|
          settings = load(file_path, host, settings)
        end
      else
        settings[key] = value unless settings.key?(key)
      end
    end
  end

  settings = globals.merge(settings) if globals

  return settings
end
translate(settings) click to toggle source

Given a hash of OpenSSH configuration options, converts them into a hash of Net::SSH options. Unrecognized options are ignored. The settings hash must have Strings for keys, all downcased, and the returned hash will have Symbols for keys.

# File lib/net/ssh/config.rb, line 156
def translate(settings)
  auth_methods = default_auth_methods.clone
  (auth_methods << 'challenge-response').uniq!
  ret = settings.inject({auth_methods: auth_methods}) do |hash, (key, value)|
    translate_config_key(hash, key.to_sym, value, settings)
    hash
  end
  merge_challenge_response_with_keyboard_interactive(ret)
end